Symptoms: Red skin that is painful to the touch, clammy skin, dizziness, weakness, elevated heart rate, trouble urinating.
Treatment: Get inside, out of the sun and get hydrated.
Prevention: Avoid long-term sun exposure, keep hydrated while outside, wear sunscreen and head coverings.
Symptoms: (sprained ankle) The area is tender to the touch, might be swollen or bruised and is painful to move or walk on.
Treatment: Your doctor might want your child to use crutches or a brace to keep the area immobilized. They should also take over-the-counter pain relievers if necessary, keep the injury elevated above their heart at least two to three hours a day, and ice the injury for the first 48 to 72 hours, or until the swelling has improved.
Prevention: Avoid running or doing intense exercise on uneven surfaces and don't assume your abilities in the swimming pool translate to open water.
Symptoms: Diarrhea, vomiting, fever and stomach cramps.
Treatment: If your child has become ill because of salmonella or a similar bacteria, your doctor will most likely prescribe an antibiotic to help clear it up. But often times, you just have to try to hydrate them and wait for the symptoms to subside.
Prevention: Make sure you are washing your hands before preparing food, don't let food sit out in the sun, and make sure your children are washing their hands before they eat.
Symptoms: (West Nile Virus) Body aches, fever and cough; (tick bite) fever, muscle aches, fatigue, rash; (spider) large bruise or sore, swelling at site of the bite, numbness or tingling, muscle spasms, abdominal pain or difficulty breathing.
Treatment: Wash the bite, keep the area elevated, a doctor may administer an anti-venom drug, pain relievers, muscle relaxants or corticosteroids. Your child might also need a tetanus booster if it has been more than 10 years since their last vaccination.
Prevention: Keep your body covered as much as possible and use a kid-safe insect repellant.
Symptoms: sensitivity to light, confusion, sudden headache, stiff neck, fever, change in the sense of smell or taste, or seizures.
Treatment: Very few people survive this type of infection. Early treatment is crucial to survival. Your doctor may administer antifungal medications to kill the amoebas.
Prevention: Avoid swimming in stagnant waterways, especially if there has not been much rain, and if you do swim in these areas, never dive in head first.
Symptoms: (flu) high fever, cough or sore throat, runny nose, chills, fatigue or nausea and vomiting.
Treatment: Over-the-counter flu medications can help alleviate uncomfortable symptoms while you wait for the illness to pass. Your doctor may prescribe antiviral medications or antibiotics if you have developed a secondary infection.
Prevention: Have your child wash their hands before eating and before touching their eyes, nose, or mouth.